Beyza Özçınar, Ecem Memişoğlu, Ali Fuat Kaan Gök, Orhan Ağcaoğlu, Fatih Yanar, Mehmet İlhan, Hakan Teoman Yanar, Kayıhan Günay
Turk J Surg 2017 Mar 1;33(1):37-39. doi: 10.5152/UCD.2017.3231.
Objective: Several damage-control procedures have been described in the literature in case of severe Calot’s triangle inflammation and fibrosis. In this report, we describe patients who underwent laparoscopic partial cholecystectomy using an endoscopic linear stapler.
Materials and Methods: Five patients with acute cholecystitis underwent laparoscopic partial cholecystectomy in our clinic between January – December 2011. All patients had severe fibrosis and inflammation of Calot’s triangle. The anterior and posterior walls of the gallbladder were totally resected if possible. The gallbladder was transected at its neck or Hartmann’s pouch, leaving a remnant gallbladder pouch behind.
Results: Five patients had laparoscopic partial cholecystectomy with an endoscopic linear stapler. The main symptom of all patients on admission to the emergency room was abdominal pain. The mean time for the surgical procedure was 140 minutes (range, 120–180 minutes). Inflammation and fibrosis of Calot’s triangle was detected in all patients during surgery and a phlegmonous gallbladder was detected in one patient. Surgical drains were used in all patients and no biliary leakage was detected. Remnant common bile duct calculi were detected in one patient and this patient underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography one month after surgery.
Conclusions: When a reliable view of Calot’s triangle cannot be obtained due to severe inflammation and fibrosis during laparoscopy, laparoscopic partial cholecystectomy seems to be a safe and feasible alternative to open surgery with an acceptable morbidity rate.
Keywords: Acute cholecystitis, damage control surgery, endoscopic linear stapler, laparoscopy, partial cholecystectomy