Pancreas 2010 Apr;39(3):371-6. doi: 10.1097/MPA.0b013e3181bae9ca.
April 2010 – Volume 39 – Issue 3 – p 371-376

The aims of our study were to determine if polymorphisms in the cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) gene is associated with acute pancreatitis (AP) and to evaluate if inflammation risk is associated with specific COX-2 gene haplotypes containing these polymorphisms.

The COX-2 genotypes for 7 polymorphisms (rs5275, rs2206593, rs4648262, rs4648261, rs2066826, rs5277, rs2745557) were determined using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis in 103 patients with AP and 92 healthy controls.

Except for rs5275, the frequencies of COX-2 polymorphisms were both similar in patients with mild or severe pancreatitis, so were in pancreatitis patients and in controls. Only rs5275 was statistically significantly associated with AP risk. The association was seen with rs5275 (P = 0.03); specifically, patients carrying the TT genotype in comparison with patients carrying the CC genotype had a significantly lower risk of disease (odds ratio, 1.88; 95% confidence interval, 1.06-3.34). Haplotypes with nucleotide T at the −18491961 position (rs5275) and A at the 184915627 position (rs4648261) of COX-2 promoter seem to increase susceptibility (odds ratio, 2.46; 95% confidence interval, 1.15-5.29; P = 0.02).

These findings suggest that the rs5275 polymorphism in the 3′-untranslated region of the COX-2 gene may be used as 1 marker for defining the risk of AP.